How to evict a tenant quickly
Table of Contents
The quickest way to evict a tenant is to follow the legal eviction process strictly or it may make good business sense to speak with the tenant to see if they are willing to leave without being evicted. That’s because evicting a tenant can be time-consuming and expensive, and most good tenants don’t want a negative mark on their credit report.
The Process of how to evict a tenant quickly, the fastest way to evict a tenant
1. Review applicable landlord-tenant laws in your local area
2. Have a valid reason for evicting
4. Serve a written eviction notice
5. Sue for an eviction
6. Prepare for a court hearing
7. Evict the tenant
8. Collect past-due rent
The first thing is you should avoid harassing or threatening your irresponsible, rule-breaking tenant. Never do the following mistakes to evict a tenant quickly otherwise you create big trouble for yourself. Because the legal eviction process may not be simple for you as you think.
- Change the locks
- Harass or threaten the tenant
- Shut off utilities
- Hire a moving service to remove all tenant belongings.
In a Legal Eviction Process, a landlord cannot simply file an eviction notice because State and local laws required
i) a legal reason for termination has to be identified and
ii) legal notices have to be sent to the tenant.
It is very important that you check with your state and local laws about legal eviction practices and speak with an attorney
A landlord cannot begin an eviction lawsuit without first legally terminating the tenancy. To legally terminate a tenancy, the landlord must give the tenant written notice, as specified in the state’s termination statute. After serving the proper notice, if a tenant does not fix the lease violation or move out, then only file a lawsuit to evict a tenant.
Understand the Legal Eviction?
An eviction is a lawsuit that can be filed against a tenant, sometimes called an unlawful detainee or UD lawsuit. To win an eviction case that forces a tenant to be legally removed from a dwelling, the landlord must prove that a tenant did something wrong that justifies ending the tenancy.
Additionally, if the Pre-eviction process were not followed exactly, according to state requirements, the eviction could be ruled in favor of the tenant, costing the landlord extra money. According to TransUnion, the average eviction-related cost to landlords is approximately $3,500, and an eviction can take as long as three to four weeks to complete.
What is pre-Legal Eviction?
The first step to a Legal Eviction Process is the landlord must give the tenant written notice, as specified in the state’s termination statute. According to Nolo, Legal Eviction Process has 3 basic types of termination notices that a landlord may issue to a tenant that has violated a rental lease agreement. A tenant may be forced to end their tenancy for lease violations referred to as termination for cause.
Choose The Correct Eviction Notice
Now we are going to talk about the valid legal reasons to evict a tenant. There are various reasons landlords can evict tenants. If you found any of the following reasons is violated by your tenants then only you can send a legal eviction notice. This is the fastest way to evict a tenant.
The fastest way to evict a tenant – legal excuses
- Pay Rent or Move out – The landlord typically can send an official notice to tenants who have not paid their rent as outlined in the lease agreement. The notice will outline the deadline for payment, the amount of rent and late fees that are now due, and the instructions for payment. The notice usually gives tenants 3-5 days to pay rent or move out. If the tenant does not respect the designated timeline, you can move forward with filing an eviction.
- Cure or Quit Notice – This notice is typically sent to tenants after they have violated a lease term, like having a pet in a pet-free property or smoking in a smoke-free area. This usually gives a tenant a set amount of time to fix the issue (“cure”) or move out. Depending on your state, cure or quit notices can involve a 3-30 day fixing period. – For example, Virginia requires notices to allow a tenant 21 Days to cure or 30 days to move.
- Unconditional Quit Notices – In some cases, a landlord can send a notice to a tenant that requires them to move without a chance to fix the situation. According to Nolo, only a few states allow landlords to send unconditional quit notices for reasons like:
- Repeatedly violating a significant lease clause
- Seriously damaging the property
- Engaging in illegal activity, such as dealing drugs on the premises
Notice for Termination Without Cause
Landlords may usually use a 30-Day, 60-Day, or 90-Day Notice to Vacate to end a month-to-month tenancy when the tenant has not done anything wrong.
However, a city that allows rent control may require a landlord to prove a significant lease violation before terminating a rent control tenant. These laws are known as “just cause eviction protection.” The San Francisco Tenants Union outlines some Just Cause Eviction information for legal reasons to terminate the tenancy in a rent control unit.
Serve The Eviction Notice On The Tenant (Eviction Lawsuit)
The next is when can you evict a tenant. In this section, we will mostly cover when can a landlord evict a tenant. Once you have properly notified a tenant with a termination notice, if they do not fix the issue or move within the timeline outlined in the notice, you can move forward with filing an eviction with the court.
Once the landlord submits the required paperwork to their local court, the court will process it and schedule a hearing date. The time between filing in court to getting a court date varies greatly between different court jurisdictions and can be between a couple of weeks to a few months. It is critical that you file your complaint as soon as the notice period expires. Make sure all Legal Eviction Processes are followed to avoid unnecessary delays.
Prepare And File A Summons And Complaint
When can you evict a tenant?
If the tenant complied with the eviction notice (by paying rent, remedying the lease violation, or moving, for example), you might not need to proceed with the eviction. If the tenant did not comply with the eviction notice, you can prepare and file a Complaint for Unlawful Detainer and have the clerk issue a Summons to begin a formal eviction case. (NRS 40.300 to 40.425.)
After filing an eviction lawsuit, the landlord and tenant will be given a court date. If the judge rules in favor of the landlord, he will issue a Writ of Possession. A “Writ of Possession” is a document distributed by the court when a judge rules to return possession of the rental property back to the landlord.
THE LANDLORD SHOULD MAKE SURE THERE ARE NO SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS TO OBTAIN OR SERVE A WRIT OF POSSESSION. MOST OFTEN, A SHERIFF OR CONSTABLE WILL SERVE THE TENANT WITH THE WRIT OF POSSESSION, INFORMING THEM THAT THEY ARE TO LEAVE THE PREMISES BY A CERTAIN DATE AND TIME OR THEY WILL BE FORCIBLY REMOVED. WRITS OF POSSESSION ARE GOVERNED BY STATE AND LOCAL LAWS, WHICH DIFFER FROM JURISDICTION TO JURISDICTION.
On eviction day, in the best circumstances, your tenant will have already moved out. In the case, they have not, a sheriff or other authorized person will arrive to escort the evicted tenant off the property. Once a tenant is legally removed from the property, the landlord should immediately change the locks and follow state laws for removing the tenant’s abandoned property.
Pro Tips: Make sure that you are familiar with the language of the lease being used before you attempt to serve the tenant with a pre-eviction notice. Remember if you attempt a DIY eviction, like changing the locks, you may find yourself on the other end of a lawsuit in court.
It is equally important to remember that all landlords must adhere to state and local laws and forms, and follow the timeline exactly since evictions can be a long and expensive process. A local attorney familiar with landlord-tenant laws in your state will be an important part of a successful eviction.
Tips For Lowering Eviction Rate
Preventing an eviction often begins with good tenant screening
Most online tenant screening services are free for landlords to use, and charge the tenant a small application fee for running reports such as:
Rental history report;
Social security number (SSN) and identity verification; and
Multi-state criminal and sex offender report.
Reports are usually available for you to review within a few hours of the tenant completing an online rental application. Be sure to review the material received, contact the applicant’s current employer to verify income, and call the tenant’s previous landlords to learn if the tenant paid the rent on time and took care of the property.